Skip to main content

Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

See other formats



and tlie male is odorous. The true Goats are almost .exclusively
Palaearctic in range. They show the limited distribution of the
Sheep,, a, distribution which follows from their mountain-loving

Thus we   have   the   Spanish   Ibex   (1  pyreitftlcft), limited   to
the   Pyrenees   and   other   mountain    ranges   of   the   peninsula;

FIG. 175.  Sinaxtic

Oapra. mnaUica,

C. ibex, the Steinbok of the Alps and  the  Tyrol ;  the Markhoor,
7. falconeri,   of  certain   mountain   ranges   of  Afghanistan ;   the
Caucasian, Sinaitic, and Cretan Ibexes, and the Thar.
Capra tiegcxgrus, the Persian Wild Goat, ranges from the
Caucasus to Sind. It is this animal which produces the true
** bezoar stone/* The substance in question is a secretion appar-
ently found in the stomach. It is still, according to Mr. Blan-
ford, regarded as an antidote to poison in Persia. Buffon. called
this Goat the *c Pasan," which is evidently a corruption of the
word bezoar. When the substance was in repute as a medicine
of the '* alexipharmic ** kind, the supply naturally came up to
the demand. Thus the bezoar stones of the Lama in South
America gained repute, and there were ** Oriental hewmr, cow